Karataş is a small city and a district in Adana Province, on the Mediterranean coast of Turkey, between the rivers of Seyhan and Ceyhan, the Pyramos of Antiquity. Today Karataş is known for its fishing industry and as a place that Adana’s inhabitants can easily access to relax on the beach. There are also rich farmlands behind the coast where cotton, watermelons, melons and other crops are grown.
The inlet of Akyatan is a breeding ground for many birds and the sea turtle species Chelonia mydas and Caretta caretta. Karataş is particularly important for the latter, which is an endangered species that lays eggs primarily in Akyatan, another beach in neighboring Yumurtalık district and İztuzu Beach in Dalyan in southwestern Turkey.
Today Karataş is known for its fishing industry and as a place that Adana’s inhabitants can easily access to relax on the beach. There are also rich farmlands behind the coast where cotton, watermelons, melons and other crops are grown.
Capacity : 245 boats
Outer Breakwater : 400 m
Pier : 380 m
Dock : 220 m (- 3 m deep)
Slideway : 133 m
Net Repairing Platform
Administration : Karataş Fishery Products Cooperative
Shopping : Supermarkets, Shops, Stores, Markets
Repairing & Maintenance Workshops
Technical Equipment Shops
Accommodation : Pensions, Hotels, Motels, Apart Hotels, Rent Houses
Dining : Restaurants, Cafes, Buffets, Bakeries, Fish Restaurants
Communication : Post Office, Phone, Internet
Health : Hospitals, Health Centers, Pharmacies, Doctors, Nurses, Dentists, Ambulances
Beach : Public Beaches
Entertainment : Discotheques, Bars, Night Clubs
Special Shopping : Watermelons, Melons
Fish Restaurants are very famous with their fishes, cooking and services. Fishes available due to seasons.
FISH AND SEA PRODUCT SPECIES LIST OF THE MEDITERRANEAN SEA
The area has been inhabited from at least Hittite times and probably earlier. It was later part of the Assyrian province of Quwê (Que). By the time of the Greeks, who knew the city as Megarsos/Magarso, there was a port here at the mouth of the navigable Pyramos, supplying an important military and trading route into the plain of Cilicia, and also providing access to the sea for the river towns, like Mallus.
In 333 BC, just before the battle of Issus, Alexander the Great sacrificed here at a temple that, by interpretatio graeca, he took to be of Athena; the “Athena of Magarsos” who appears on Hellenistic coins has been diagnosed, from her pose and the attributes that surround her, to have Mesopotamian connections. The Romans rendered Magarsos as Megarsus. The port was later conquered by the Arab armies during the growth of Islam and then by the Ottomans in 1517.
Antiochia ad Pyramum
Antiochia ad Pyramum was an ancient coastal city of Cilicia, on the Pyramus (also Pyramos, now the Ceyhan Nehri) river, in Anatolia. The location of the city is on the Karataş Peninsula, Adana Province, Turkey, a few km from the city of Karataş. The course of the Pyramus has changed markedly since ancient times and the location of the ruins is no longer adjacent to the river, but decidedly west of its present course. The formerly important ancient site of Mallus lies a few km inland from Antiochia ad Pyranum along the former course of the Pyramus.
The lagoon is located at the northeastern edge of Mediterranean Sea, 30 km south of the city of Adana, in Çukurova region of Turkey. The entrance to the lagoon is either from Tuzla or through Küçük Karataş Village. Akyatan lagoon is a 14700-hectare wetland ecosystem that is designated as Wetland of International Importance by Ramsar Convention. A major stop over for migrating birds, Akyatan is recognized as an Important Bird Area by Bird Life International.
Akyatan is one of the richest lagoons in the Eastern Mediterranean. Large numbers of fish enter the lagoon from the sea. Karataş fishermen built a traditional fish trap at the exit from the lagoon to the sea, to capture species like gray mullet, gilt-head bream, sea bass, eel, Capoeta antalyensis (ray-finned fish), barbus, carp, common carp, rainbow trout and capoeta. On the eastern section of the lagoon, blue crab is caught.
Lake Akyatan is situated about 10 km. northwest of Karataş, a district of Adana province. Lake Akyatan, is a alluvial set lake located in the province of Adana in the Mediterranean Region. It is the largest lagoon in Turkey. It has an area of 35 square km and a maximum depth of 3 m. It is only 2 m above the sea level. The lake was formed about 10,000 years ago when the rivers flooded and turned the delta into a large swamp.
The swamp then disconnected from the sea, a cord was formed with the sand carried by the waves, and became an independent water body. Actually it is not completely independent. There is a 2 km narrow canal on the southwest side which connects the lake to the sea. Turkey’s largest sand dunes are in the area between the lake and the sea. The dunes extend as wide as 3 km and rise as high as 20 m.
Lake Akyatan is an important site for migrating birds and the single largest green turtle rookery at the Mediterranean, holding 43% of the Mediterranean nesting population. Waterfowls are the most common species of birds in the lake. There are 250 bird species, including avocet, lesser charadriidae, little stint, ruff and black-tailed godwit, are observed at Lake Akyatan. The lake is an important nesting ground in the winter months, too. An estimated number of 70,000 to 80,000 birds live in the lake during the harsh winter of Anatolia. Pochard, Eurasian pigeon, Common shelduck, and Eurasian coot are some of the species that winter at the lake.
Karataş – Adana Şakirpaşa Airport 50 km, Adana City 47 km
Bus : Karataş – Adana
Train : Adana – Osmaniye, Dörtyol, İskenderun, Elazığ, Kayseri, Ankara, Konya
Suburban Train : Adana – Mersin, Islahiye
Airport : Adana Şakirpaşa International Airport, Antakya International Airport