Demre – Antalya – Turkey
GPS : 36°11’22.4″N 29°51’40.5″E / 36.189569, 29.861241
Üçağız is a sleepy fishing village with pensions favored by Turkish holiday makers. It is a charming and relaxing place and the modern village is built among the ruins of ancient Teimiussa. A Lycian tomb sits partially submerged in the harbor and just offshore are more submerged ruins that you may swim about. We will be happy to anchor just off the ancient necropolis that lies just to the east of the town’s edge.
Approach and Navigation
The entrance to the inner cove and anchorages of Üçağız is hard to spot, being surrounded by small rocky islets. The village of Üçağız on the north shore on a bearing of 340 degrees gives you safe passage into the anchorage. Once on the approach, a small inner islet will be seen, which should be left at least 100 metres to starboard as there are extensive shallow reefs all round it.
When you use the passage from Ölüdeniz to Üçağız. Pay attention for the sea-level rocks. Üçağız has an E/W orientation – 1.5 miles long. On approaching from the South, two islets in the middle are conspicuous. Care is needed for the reefs extending from the islets. The shallow areas can clearly be seen.
Üçağız Liman or Ölü Deniz or Tristomos is a land locked lagoon which is always calm, an excellent all around shelter. The water, however, is not clear but dirty. The bottom here is everywhere mud and reasonable holding, although some plough-type anchors will dig a furrow through it unless you let out plenty of chain. It is not unusual to need three or four attempts before your anchor holds.
The best holding appears to be in the western arm of the inlet, to the west of the hamlet of Üçağız, where the depths are 6-7 metres. One can also anchor in the eastern arm, although there is a slight chop here from the prevailing SW winds blowing in through the entrance.
There is 5 meter depth in the fairway. There is 7 – 8 meters depth in the inlet. The bottom is mud and provides excellent holding. Boats drop anchor off the village by Gökbucak side. Gökbucak and Irmakbaşı side on the east is a better anchorage for those who enjoy serenity.
This bay which is surrounded with rocks fully can be accessed through a rocky passage on the very west of Kalekğy. The name of Üçağız derives from three passages into bay. You need to enter into main passage from Kaleköy. Coral reef that remains as a brown stain is recognized very easily. In both of these passages, there is 9-10 meters of water on the water passage but as approaching towards the edges, the depth decreases down to 3-5 meters.
After entering into Üçağız Port, you can anchor in 3-5 meters of opening in the village. You may anchor in east half of the bay. There are many restaurants on the coast. On the north coast, there is source of mineral water on place indicated on the west of Üçağız Port.
Üçağız is a good winter port, providing all – round shelter.
The piers are managed by the village authority.
A new T-jetty has just been completed off the hamlet, where, once fully commissioned, around 20 yachts will be able to berth stern or bows-to. There are just a few laid moorings, so it may be necessary to use your anchor. Depths off the jetty are around 4-5 metres.
Water, electricity and discharge facilities are provided.
There are laid moorings tailed on the piers. Berthing capacity is 50 yachts.
Fuel can be obtained from truck tanker.
Limited provisions are available from the market.
Cargo services are provided.
You can also find rent a car service in the village.
There is a second jetty to the west, but this is for gulets only.
The wharf has small pensions and some fine restaurants with the freshest fish direct from the region.
To the east, accessible by a rather rocky path (wear sensible footwear) is the necropolis of the ancient Lycian town of Teimiussa, with numerous Lycian sarcophagi and a small acropolis on a rocky headland with excellent views out over Kekova Roads.
The actual shelter for yachts is Theimussa, or present day Üçağız, which is a landlocked bay surrounded by green hills. There is an overland route that leads here. Though the ruins of the ancient city of Theimussa are located here, very little is known of its history. One inscription indicates that it goes back to the 4th century B.C. Here, one mostly comes across the ruins of a necropolis, whereas on the coast of this village, one can also find a door with its door frame still intact. Also, one can find some ruins of a tower on top of a low lying rocky outcrop.
Right behind the quay are a pair of tombs. The oldest sarcophagus dates from the 4th cell B.C. and is shaped like a house. Over it is the I portrait of a young man. The inscription tells us it belongs to “Kluwanimi.” The work is Roman a later addition to the sarcophagus. To the east, above the sea are several sarcophagi which seem to have been stacked on top of each other.
The majority of these tombs belong to either the Hellenistic or Roman periods. The inscriptions on the tombs indicate at the owners were citizens of either Cyaenai or Myra. Just as Simena, Apollonia, Isinda and Aperlae formed a sympolity in Kaleköy, Myra and Cyaenai also formed a sympolity in Theimussa, whereas one of those cities represented the sympolity in the Lycian League.
At the east end of the site is a delightful little rock-cut quay or landing-stage, unlike anything else in Lycia. It is some 9 meters in length and nine meters wide. The rock-walls are cut vertical and still show the chisel marks; the floor is leveled, but the seaward edge is only roughly shaped. At the east end are cuttings in the floor which at present make shallow pools; their original purpose is obscure.
In the back is a gate leading through to a kind of sunken road which is little more than a natural cleft; above it on the landward side stands a tomb. The sill of the gate is about two meters from the ground, and it is not clear how it was approached; the sill is broken away, but the hinge-holes and bolt-sockets are still to be seen. Also in the back wall is a smaller aperture like a window. There are other tombs above the gate and at the east end of the quay, the latter approached by steps; in both cases the lids are lying askew.