Anamur – Mersin – Turkey
GPS : 36°04’05.5″N 32°52’05.3″E / 36.068188, 32.868148
GPS : 36°01’03.0″N 32°48’09.8″E / 36.017506, 32.802732
Focal Plane : 68 m ( 223 ft ), Tower Height : 10 m ( 33 ft )
Character : W. Fl. (2) 5.0 Second (two white flashes every 5 second), Flashing Character : 0.3 + 1.0 + 0.3 + 3.4
Visibility Range : 15 nautical miles
VHF Channels : 16
Call Sign : ” anamur iskele ”
GPS : 36°04’05.8″N 32°52’04.8″E / 36.068263, 32.867988
Anamur is a town and district of the province of Mersin, on the Mediterranean coast of southern Turkey, between Antalya and the city of Mersin. Anamur is Turkey’s southernmost point, a coastal resort famous for its bananas and peanuts.
Although there are places of historical interest, long beaches and a clean sea there is no large scale tourism on this part of the coast as the coast road in both directions is winding and really slow to drive. But there are major road works now into the direction of Mersin and Antalya.
Gazipasa Airport (near Alanya) has opened mid-2011. Direct charter flights from Amsterdam (Netherlands) take place twice a week. In 2012 also German airliners will fly to this airport. Other airports are in Antalya or in Adana. Although some people from central Anatolia as well as foreigners from Europe (Germans/Austrians/Dutch) have holiday homes here, Anamur itself is a quiet, isolated town with no night life, and in winter is very quiet indeed.
Anamur Iskele is the beach resort of this area. A lot of holiday flats and villa’s are situated near the beach or more inland. Plenty of small and some bigger hotels offer good quality as well as the restaurants near the small boulevard. The beaches are important nesting grounds for the sea turtle caretta caretta and the rocky areas of coastline are inhabited by the Mediterranean Monk Seal.
There are great undeveloped sandy beaches almost totally deserted around the ruins of Anemurion, with a seawater temperature close to the levels of a hot tub. However, take care of not disturbing turtle eggs of an endangered species (Caretta caretta), which lay eggs to many beaches in the area. Especially discouraged (and sometimes, outright banned) are using beach umbrellas or other objects with sharp ends, building firepits, and leaving behind even the smallest piece of trash. Sometimes local military police (jandarma) shuts the entrance to the beaches in the evening and through the night, out of environmental concerns.
The local economy depends on agriculture, especially bananas and strawberries. The weather here is very, very hot and this is the only part of Turkey that can sustain bananas, there are banana plants everywhere and now other tropical fruits such as papaya, pineapples and avocados are being planted here too. Anamur produces 40% of Turkey’s strawberries. A traditional local speciality is taro (known locally as gölevez).
Repairing & Maintenance Workshops : Anamur, Bozyazı
Technical Equipment Shops : Anamur, Bozyazı
Accommodation : Pensions, Hotels, Motels, Rental Houses, Picnic Areas
Beach : İskele, Anemurion
Dining : Restaurants, Buffets, Cafes, Bakeries
Public Market : Thursday
Health : Health Center – Hospital, Doctors, Nurses, Pharmacies, Dentists
Shopping : Supermarket, Stores, Shops, Markets
Special Shopping : Banana, Strawberry, Papaya, Pineapples, Avocados
SITES TO VISIT
Mamure, the old Crusader castle.
Mamure Castle, the medieval castle, well-preserved, about 7 km (4 mi) south east of Anamur. Originally built by the Romans in the third or fourth century AD, it was enlarged by the Byzantine Empire and the Crusaders. After the Seljuk Turkish Sultan `Ala’ ad-Din Kay-Qubad captured the castle in 1221, he had it rebuilt in its present form. It consists of three courtyards with 39 towers, surrounded by a moat. In one courtyard there is an ancient mosque with a minaret – built by Mahmud Bey of Karaman in 1300-1308 – which is still open for prayer. There are the ruins of a bathhouse on the opposite side. The castle is in two sections with two lines of ramparts between them, a walkway along the ramparts links the two sides.
GPS : 36°01’27.6″N 32°48’10.0″E / 36.024342, 32.802787
Anemurium, in modern Turkish Anamur, in Ancient Anemourion, was a major city of the Roman province of Rough Cilicia, the Byzantine Cibyrrhaeot Theme. Its bishopric is now included in the Catholic Church’s list of titular sees. It was situated near a high bluff knob (Cape Anamur) that marks the southernmost point of Asia Minor, opposite Cyprus.
The ruins of its theatres, tombs and walls are still visible and were first mentioned by Francis Beaufort, an English naval captain who explored the south coast of Turkey in 1811-12 and who published his discoveries in Karamania. Excavations directed by Professor Elizabeth Alfoldi, University of Toronto (1965-1970), and subsequently James Russell, University of British Columbia (1971-2000), along with his colleague Hector Williams and his wife Caroline, have revealed extensive traces of the city’s buildings, tombs and history from the 1st century after Christ until the city’s abandonment around 650 when Arab attacks made the coast unsafe.
Teams have uncovered a large theater, a small covered theater or odeon, several public baths decorated with mosaic floors (some converted to industrial use in late antiquity), four early Christian churches (also with mosaic floors and donors’ inscriptions), a possible civil basilica (law court), sections of the city walls and aqueducts, and a number of minor structures. Work in the city’s extensive necropolis of several hundred tombs built above ground has revealed and conserved wall paintings (including the four seasons) and more mosaic floors. Anemurium had its own mint which produced coins from the late 1st century CE to its capture by the Sassanians in 260, an event that sent the city into decline for many decades. In medieval times the Kingdom of Little Armenia established a castle, known as Mamure Castle, near the city.
FISH AND SEA PRODUCT SPECIES LIST OF THE MEDITERRANEAN SEA
Minibus : Town Center – İskele
Bus : Anamur – Alanya, Silifke, Antalya, Mersin
Airport : Adana Şakirpaşa International Airport, Konya International Airport, Dalaman International Airport, Antalya International Airport, Gazipaşa International Airport