Fener Burnu, Foça – Izmir – Turkey
GPS : 38°40’01.0″N 26°44’47.1″E / 38.666946, 26.746411
GPS : 38°40’06.7″N 26°44’42.1″E / 38.668518, 26.745030
Focal Plane : 17 mt (56 ft), Tower Height : 9 mt (30 ft)
Character : W. FI. 5.0 Second, Flashing Character : 1.0 + 4.0
Visibility Range : 8 nautical miles
VHF Channels : 16
Call Sign : ” foca barinak ”
The Focaean plain between volcanic low-hills made her fame through historical eras in olivery and vinery. Focaean has the specification of being the closest harbor of Aegean fishing fields. Meanwhile, the Focaean sea shores are very convenient for the fantastic water-sports.
Foça is a district, as well as the center town of that district, in Turkey’s İzmir Province. The town of Foça is situated at about 69 km (43 mi) north by northwest of İzmir city center. The district also has a township with own municipality named Yenifoça (New Foça), also along the shore and at a distance of 20 km (12 mi) from Foça proper. The ancient city of Phocaea is located between the two modern Foças.
Capacity afloat : 260 boats
Piers : 110 m, 120 m, 130 m (width : 10 m)
Wharf : 343 m, 6.000 m2
Administration : Foça Fishery Products Cooperative
Health : Hospital, Health Center, Doctors, Nurses, Pharmacies, Dentists
Shopping : Supermarkets, Stores, Markets, Shops
Accommodation : Hotels, Motels, Pensions, Rental Houses
Dining : Restaurants, Cafes, Buffets, Bakeries
Communication : Post Office, Phone, Internet
Entertainment : Discotheques, Bars
Special Shopping : Leather products, Carpets, Kilims, Copper-ware, Onyx, Şile fabrics
Local Market : Weekly
Historical Site : Siren Rocks
Repairing & Maintenance Workshops
Technical Equipment Shops
Eskifoça is the ancient Phocaea. It is believed to have been founded by colonists from Erythrea and Teos in the 8th century BC. Phocaea soon became an important trading center and its fifty-oared galleys roamed from the Black Sea to the Western Mediterranean. The Phocaeans were great navigators and founded many colonies in the Black Sea, the Bosphorus, Italy, and further west. They were the founders, among others, of Massalia (modern Marseilles in France), Tartessus (near Cadiz in Spain), Alalia in Corsica and Velia in Italy.
Phocaea was taken by the Persians from whom they were liberated by Alexander the Great. In the Hellenistic times they sided with the Seleucids against the Romans who captured and looted their city in 190 BC. During the Byzantine era the city declined although it was the see of a bishop. In the Middle Ages Phocaea was occupied by the Genoese who mined alum, used as a dye in the tanning business. Finally the city was captured by the Ottomans in 1455. Today the town is a very attractive resort full of restaurants and a good market.
The town is spread along the coast with fish restaurants dominating the parts of the sea front. Foça is famous for its fish restaurants and at weekends in both Summer and Winter they are crowded with visitors from all over the area.
FISH AND SEA PRODUCT SPECIES LIST OF THE AEGEAN SEA
Many parts of the district are under strict environmental protection, due to the value of the flora and the fauna, and the beauty of the small bays and coves, especially between Foça and Yenifoça. Therefore, a judicious way to get to know the district would be by boat tours regularly organized in partance from the town center. Because of the protective measures, new constructions are not permitted in many parts of the district and Foça is set to preserve its unique characteristic as composed principally of old houses.
Foça is the site of one of three marine protected areas established in Turkey for the preservation of the Mediterranean Monk Seal, a heavily endangered species of sea mammals.
THE MONK SEALS OF FOÇA
On the world, the monk seals have a population of 350-400. In Foça, these monk seals are settled down on the islands just near Foça. For the protection of the monk seals Word Wide Foundation (WWF), National Protection of Monk Seals Committee is carrying out studies. They are trying to conserve them and find a few areas in the world. Foça was chosen as a pilot area to save sea seals that give its name to the district by National Seal Committee in 1991.
The colorful rocks, from cotton-white to gypsy pink colors, arising as an iceberg in the middle of the sea, the caves embraced with the sea at the shores, wide-spread rocks into the open sea which has shallowness in their surrounding. Among these rock formations there are convenient canals providing passage to the motor-boats.
In the lyric tales of Homeros these rock are mentioned as Siren rockies which were deceiving the sailors and causing them to hit their ships to the rocks. The biggest of the wide-spread seal resembling small island in the Focaean Harbor / Izmir is Orak Island Rockies.
The sirens are female headed, bird bodied, magic voiced creatures that attract sailors. The Sirens lived on a rocky island in the middle of the sea. The island grew white with bleaching bones, from which the Sirens would make musical instruments. According to Appolodorus, the talented Sirens boasted not only a vocal trio, but a small instrumental ensemble, two accompanying the third on lyre and flute.
They sang melodies so beautiful that sailors passing by couldn’t resist getting closer to them. Following the sound of music, the sailors would steer their boats towards them or jump in the water to get closer. Either way, it always ended in disaster on the rocks.
The Sirens sang songs to sea travelers to lure them to their deaths. Their songs were enchanting and would make sailors forget their sense of direction. The sailors would steer straight toward the island and crash into the rocks that surrounded it.
In Odyssey of Homer, one of the worst adventures of Odyssey is the Siren. In this mythology it is believed that all the sailors that heard the sings of Sirens have cast a spell on. Odyssey while passing through the Sirens closes his mouth and closes the ears of his crew so even if he gets the magic and tell his crew to stop, the crew will not hear him and they will pass with safety.
All of the shops and boutiques are together at the Küçükdeniz district of Focaean. In these shops they sell leather products, carpets, kilims, copper-ware, onyx, Şile fabrics shirts and suits or dresses. Apart from this, there can be found all kinds of typical souvenirs for the tourists to be presented to their relatives and friends upon returning back home.
The folklore, Music and water-Sports Festival of Focaean take place every year in the third week of June and lasts three days.
Bus : Foça – İzmir, Dikili
Minibus : Foça – Yenifoça
Ferryboat : Foça – Lesvos (Greece), Foça – Mordoğan (60 mins), Foça Karaburum (50 mins),
Airport : İzmir Adnan Menderes International Airport