İskenderun is a city and district in the province of Hatay on the Mediterranean coast of Turkey. It was originally named Alexandria near Issos and later Alexandretta. İskenderun is located on the eastern Mediterranean coast on the Gulf of İskenderun, at the foot of the Nur Mountains (Amanos Mountains).
İskenderun is a busy commercial centre and is one of the largest cities in Hatay Province, similar in size to the provincial seat of Antakya. The city is one of Turkey’s largest ports on the Mediterranean and an important industrial centre home to the İsdemir steelworks, one of Turkey’s largest. İskenderun has an active, modern life with good hotels, restaurants and cafes along the palm-lined sea front, there is a variety of accommodation for visitors. İskenderun is also an important naval training base.
This is one of the few still-existing cities in the world which was founded by, and indeed gets its name from Alexander the Great (who is known as Büyük İskender in Turkish), with Alexandria in Egypt being the other notable example. İskenderun today has a population of about 300,000 people and is an industrialized city, surrounded by petrochemical plants and steelworks, although the city centre is still enjoyable with its lovely palm-lined promenade on the shore of the sea.
İskenderun has an active, modern life with good hotels, restaurants and cafes along the palm-lined sea front, and there is a variety of accommodation for visitors. The city is one of Turkey’s largest ports on the Mediterranean and an important industrial centre.
Capacity : 300 boats
Port Breakwater : 1.400 m long and is protected from N and S winds. Sudden and very strong winds called “Yarıkkaya” blow from North.
Outer Breakwater : 700 m
Inner Breakwater : 150 m
Net Repairing Area
Garbage Disposal : Compulsory
Waste Oil Disposal : Collection service is available. The waste oil is collected by 5 cu.m. mobile tanks. There is another tank 80 cu.m. Capacity inside the port. An oil-water separator system is available at the capacity of 7.500 cu.m./year is also available.
Administration : İskenderun Fishery Products Cooperative
Shopping : Supermarkets, Stores, Markets, Shops, Fish Market
Repairing & Maintenance Workshops
Technical Equipment Shops
Accommodation : Pensions, Hotels, Motels, Rental House, Apart Hotels
Dining : Restaurants, Cafes, Buffets, Bakeries, Fish Restaurants
Communication : Post Office, Phone, Internet, Wi-Fi
Health : Hospital, Health Center, Pharmacies, Dentists, Doctors, Nurses
Entertainment : Bars, Discotheques, Night Clubs, Tea Gardens,
Beaches : Arsuz
Diving : Dive Centers
Bank : Banks and cash machines
Transport : Taxi, Minibus
Special Shopping : Oranges, Mandarins
They are clean and have pleasant services. Fishes available due to seasons.
FISH AND SEA PRODUCT SPECIES LIST OF THE MEDITERRANEAN SEA
ISKENDERUN NAVAL MUSEUM
On June 26, 2009, Iskenderun Naval Base Command opened Turkey’s third naval museum in the city center of İskenderun. At the museum, works and objects are exhibited from the Ottoman Navy and Hatay Republic era beside the Turkish Navy’s. The museum, housed in a two-store building used since 1942 as the headquarters of the Iskenderun Naval Base Command, consists of nine exhibition halls covering a total area of 630 m2 (6,800 sq ft) and two workshops.
Yakacık (Payas) – contains a splendid example of Ottoman architecture dating back to the 16th century; the Sokullu Mehmet Pasha Complex comprising a mosque, bath (hamam), bazaar, caravanserai, and madrasa.
Arsuz (Uluçınar), holiday town on the coast to the south of İskenderun, with beautiful sandy beaches, a very warm sea, and places of historical interest. The coast is lined with holiday homes and there is accommodation in hotels or guest houses.
The Cathedral of the Annunciation is the seat of the Roman Catholic Apostolic Vicariate of Anatolia.
Soğukoluk, mountain resort on the way to Antakya a quiet retreat from the heat of the coast in summer months.
Bakras – The castle was built in antiquity and much restored since, a watchtower on the mountain road, 27 km (17 mi) from İskenderun on the road to Antakya.
Minibus : İskenderun – Arsuz, Işıklı – Arsuz
Bus : İskenderun – Hatay, Dörtyol, Ceyhan, Adana, Osmaniye
Railway : İskenderun – Dörtyol, Osmaniye, Adana, Mersin, Islahiye, Elazığ, Kayseri, Ankara, Konya
Airport : Antakya International Airport, Adana Şakirpaşa International Airport, Gaziantep Oğuzeli International Airport