Datça – Muğla – Turkey
GPS : 36°41’02.5″N 27°22’35.0″E / 36.684041, 27.376392
GPS : 36°41’12.5″N 27°21’49.1″E / 36.686801, 27.363646
Focal Plane : 104 m, Tower Height : 9 mm
Character : W.FI.(2) 10.0s, Flashing Character : 0.5+2.0+0.5+7.0
Visibility Range : 12 nautical miles
Knidos or Büyük Liman is a nice anchorage just east of Cape Krio. It is usually crowded but the extensive archaeological site is a “must see” place. This was a place sacred to Aphrodite, the goddess of love and beauty. Here was the statue of Aphrodite by Praxiteles that was famous throughout the ancient world. It was not been found.
Alternatively, go alongside on either side of the refurbished restaurant pontoon, where there is space for around eight yachts (more when rafted up). You will be expected to eat in the restaurant ashore if you moor here. Anchor on either side of the bay wherever there is space. The holding is uncertain in some areas because of rocks and weed on the bottom, so be prepared to make several attempts. Make sure the anchor is well set before opening the Efes since the gusts can be strong even in moderate winds.
The bottom is thick weed. Make sure that your anchor is well dug in. A wooden pier extends from the head of the inlet. Boats can anchor off with a line ashore. This pier is managed by Datça Governor. Berthing capacity is 10 boats. Water and electricty are provided. A fee is charged. There is a cozzy restaurant ashore. Some provisions are available. Regular transport services are available to Datça.
Knidos lies at the farthest west of Datça Peninsula. Datça Peninsula ends by Point Deveboynu. This point is an important turning point for route changes of the vessels. When entering Knidos during the day , you can not see the Knidos light tower. If you do see it, it means you are heading for the sunken rock breakwater. Care is needed. It is safe to keep close to the breakwater on your port side then to drop anchor in 10 – 12 meters in the middle and swing at anchor as it is common practice here. Severe gusts and choppy sea occurs from the strong westerlies at night.
We would suggest keeping a close eye on the weather forecast as Knidos is prone to strong gusts at times. When planning to travel around the headland, it may be prudent to motor around before the wind picks up late morning. Sailing south around the headland provides exciting reaching mid afternoon.
Knidos Restaurant Jetty
GPS : 36°41’05.2″N 27°22’27.9″E / 36.684773, 27.374415
When you are ready to eat, then head for the Knidos Restaurant where Serin will greet you in English. Local fishermen deliver fresh fish every day so there is a good choice, along with great starters and local wines.
VHF Channels : 73
Sea Rescue and Emergency Team, 24 hrs service including doctor and divers.
Service zone : Gümüşlük- Orak Adası – Knidos
GPS : 36°41’10.0″N 27°22’30.7″E / 36.686111, 27.375183
Knidos or Cnidus is an ancient settlement located in south-western Asia Minor, modern-day Turkey. It was an ancient Greek city of Caria, part of the Dorian Hexapolis. It was situated on the Datça peninsula, which forms the southern side of the Sinus Ceramicus, now known as Gulf of Gökova. By the 4th century BC, Knidos was located at the site of modern Tekir, opposite Triopion Island. But earlier, it was probably at the site of modern Datça (at the half-way point of the peninsula).
It was built partly on the mainland and partly on the Island of Triopion or Cape Krio. The debate about it being an island or cape is caused by the fact that in ancient times it was connected to the mainland by a causeway and bridge. Today the connection is formed by a narrow sandy isthmus. By means of the causeway the channel between island and mainland was formed into two harbours, of which the larger, or southern, was further enclosed by two strongly built moles that are still in good part entire.
The extreme length of the city was little less than a mile, and the whole intramural area is still thickly strewn with architectural remains. The walls, both of the island and on the mainland, can be traced throughout their whole circuit; and in many places, especially round the acropolis, at the northeast corner of the city, they are remarkably perfect.
Knidos was a city of high antiquity and as a Hellenic city probably of Lacedaemonian colonization. Along with Halicarnassus (present day Bodrum, Turkey) and Kos, and the Rhodian cities of Lindos, Kamiros and Ialyssos it formed the Dorian Hexapolis, which held its confederate assemblies on the Triopian headland, and there celebrated games in honour of Apollo, Poseidon and the nymphs.
The city was at first governed by an oligarchic senate, composed of sixty members, and presided over by a magistrate; but, though it is proved by inscriptions that the old names continued to a very late period, the constitution underwent a popular transformation. The situation of the city was favourable for commerce, and the Knidians acquired considerable wealth, and were able to colonize the island of Lipara, and founded a city on Corcyra Nigra in the Adriatic. They ultimately submitted to Cyrus, and from the battle of Eurymedon to the latter part of the Peloponnesian War they were subject to Athens.
In their expansion into the region, the Romans easily obtained the allegiance of Knidians, and rewarded them for help given against Antiochus III the Great by leaving them the freedom of their city. During the Byzantine period there must still have been a considerable population: for the ruins contain a large number of buildings belonging to the Byzantine style, and Christian sepulchres are common in the neighbourhood.
Eudoxus, the astronomer, Ctesias, the writer on Persian history, and Sostratus, the builder of the celebrated Pharos at Alexandria, are the most remarkable of the Knidians mentioned in history.
The first Western knowledge of the site was due to the mission of the Dilettante Society in 1812, and the excavations executed by C. T. Newton in 1857-1858.
The agora, the theatre, an odeum, a temple of Dionysus, a temple of the Muses, a temple of Aphrodite and a great number of minor buildings have been identified, and the general plan of the city has been very clearly made out. The most famous statue by Praxiteles, the Aphrodite of Knidos, was made for Cnidus. It has perished, but late copies exist, of which the most faithful is in the Vatican Museums.
Lion of Knidos on display in the British Museum, London
In a temple enclosure Newton discovered the fine seated statue of Demeter of Knidos, which he sent back to the British Museum, and about three miles south-east of the city he came upon the ruins of a splendid tomb, and a colossal figure of a lion carved out of one block of Pentelic marble, ten feet in length and six in height, which has been supposed to commemorate the great naval victory, the Battle of Cnidus in which Conon defeated the Lacedaemonians in 394 BC. The Knidos Lion is now displayed under the roof of the Great Court in the British Museum.